Symbiosis University Hospital and Research Centre (SUHRC) by IMK Architects
Compressed Stabilized Earth Bricks: An Alternative Low-Cost Carbon-Neutral Building Material
February 15, 2021, Mumbai: Mumbai-based architecture and urban design firm IMK Architects was honoured as a Supreme Winner at the prestigious 2021 Surface Design Awards, London, for the Symbiosis University Hospital and Research Centre (SUHRC), in a virtual ceremony on February 11.
The firm also won in the 'Public Building Exterior' category for its design of SUHRC, a 41,800-square-metre, 216-bed, multi-specialty hospital in Lavale, near Pune, India. Last year’s Supreme Winner, New-Delhi-based multidisciplinary design practice Studio Lotus also previously won in the same category for their design of Krushi Bhawan in Bhubaneshwar, India.
Winners in the 12 categories were chosen from a pool of over 100 projects across the world. The award jury, co-chaired by Nicola Osborn from London-based multidisciplinary design studio, Basha-Franklin and Steve Webb of Webb Yates Engineers, London, commended IMK Architects for the use of Compressed Stabilised Earth Bricks (CSEB) at SUHRC.
CSEB is a naturally-compressed, sundried earthen brick, which is low-cost and environment-friendly.IMK Architects used a mix of locally available red soil, sand and murum(deep red/brown soil found in tropical regions)to create these bricks for SUHRC. These were then compressed, stabilised with 7% cement, to ensure durability, and later moulded. All bricks were made by hand during construction, by masons hired from local communities, providing them with employment opportunities. The on-site manufacturing process was done by a block-making machine that not only reduced transportation costs and material wastage, but also significantly reduced carbon emissions. This marks the first time that CSEB has been used on this scale anywhere across the world.
Rahul Kadri, Partner and Principal Architect, IMK Architects and Nithin Hosabettu, Design Director, IMK Architects said "We wanted to design a hospital that could last around 50-100 years. Driven by this aim, we designed a façade with natural materials that would save on energy. The facade reflects the light from the sun in different ways through its twisted brick-boxed forms, to reduce internal heat gain and create a gleaming effect of light. We would like to thank the Surface Design Awards jury for this award, and our visionary clients, the Symbiosis Society, for having immense faith in us. It has been an honour to work with Dr. Mujumdar, Dr. Vidya Yeravdekar and family, on various projects for the last 17 years. Their integrity, vision, and commitment to the betterment of society is hugely inspiring. We would also like thank our hardworking teams who work tirelessly to make our projects come alive."
SUHRC represents a new and progressive face for healthcare infrastructure in India. The project is an exemplar of passive design and sustainability. IMK Architects’ design draws from the ideas of biophilia (an innate human tendency to seek connections with nature and other forms of life) to promote recovery and rejuvenation for patients and healthcare professionals. With its state-of-the-art healthcare facilities and a research centre to enhance skill development, it is firmly anchored as a COVID-19 quarantine and treatment facility, contributing to Maharashtra’s fight against the pandemic.
Dr. Vidya Yeravdekar, Pro Chancellor, Symbiosis International (Deemed University) & Principal Director, Symbiosis Society said "The Symbiosis University Hospital and Research Centre (SUHRC) is a project that is very close to my heart as I am a doctor. Rahul Kadri, Partner and Principal Architect, IMK Architects and his team’s strategic design not only caters to every aspect of efficient healthcare delivery but also addresses elements of sustainability. The hospital was our dream project which IMK Architects turned into reality."
Photography: Rajesh Vora